Thursday 26 October 2017


        At a time when they long for stability older people are often called on to face drastic, and sometimes unwelcome, changes— moving home, retirement from a job, the loss of a partner. As their physical powers wane they may have to cope with illness, pain or loss of mobility. Loneliness is a very real problem, as contemporaries die and families move. They become increasingly aware that their life on earth is nearly over and many are afraid of dying. Finance, too, can cause concern, since half of the elderly are trying to make ends meet on less than half the average wage. It is not a time of life to be sentimentalised but to be faced with such realism as that shown in chapter 12 of Ecclesiastes.
        While our society provides a high level of medical and social care, the problems of the elderly are beingaggravated by certain social and cultural trends. Smaller and more mobile families are leading to the break-up of the extended family unit and this disintegration is further encouraged by the instability of marriage and the practice of both husband and wife going out to work. The result is that we are moving towards a society in which all the young and able-bodied are fully occupied with their own lives and older people are left without any relatives able to help care for them.
The development of the welfare state has not proved an unmixed blessing. It has created a "leave it to them" mentality, the tendency of the citizen to shrug off his own responsibilities with the comforting reflection that the state provides all that old people need. They are then abandoned to the mercy of an impersonal bureaucracy and starved of friendship and individual care.
The rampant disrespect for human life which is evidenced in the murder of thousands of the unborn is bound to affect those at the other end of life, especially as they consume an ever-increasing proportion of medical resources. Abortion will, paradoxically, have a child—called euthanasia.
Perhaps the most subtle, yet frightening, pressure which society exerts upon the elderly is its widespread worship of youth. Our culture glorifies the young, strong and beautiful. A whole industry is devoted to staving off the signs of aging, because, in the Western world, to be old is the unforgivable sin. The question of the popular song: "Will you still need me, will you still feed me, when I'm sixty-four?" is beginning to be answered in the negative.
        The Word of God stands firmly opposed to current devaluation of the old. They are to be given honour and respect: "Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I am the LORD." (Leviticus 19: 32). Their advice is to be sought: "Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old." (Proverbs 23:22). Old people are not some separate species, but people who happen to be old— - ordinary people, whom we are commanded to love as ourselves, to care for in their need, to treat as valuable and important. Christians must lead the way in loving the elderly sacrificially, imaginatively and perseveringly. We must provide a model which, by God's grace, society may be led to follow.
        Scripture places the main responsibility for the care of the elderly upon the shoulders of younger relations. Such care is regarded as an essential element of saving religion: "But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God . . . But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel." (1 Timothy 5: 4, 8).
These verses of course require more of us than financial support. Older people are to be recognised as part of the family, not overlooked or pushed to one side. Their advice and help should be sought whenever appropriate. If they live on their own— - which is usually desirable in the interests of maintaining identity and independence -- there should be frequent visiting and contacts. Nor should this be thought of as "one-way traffic", for grandparents, great-aunts and great-uncles have an immense contribution to make to the younger generation. Young people who cultivate the society of their elders will find their own lives deeply enriched. There is, too, the promise of God's blessing upon a faithful observance of the fifth commandment: "Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;) That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.


While economic and medical advances mean that people are living longer, much of the world is not prepared to provide a high quality of life to its surging old-age population, according to a new UN-backed report.
Advocacy group HelpAge International and the United Nations Population Fund collaborated to rank 90 countries on the conditions provided for their elder population, using data from the UN, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Bank.
They are hoping that just like annual GDP and quality of life tables, the Global AgeWatch Index  will become a major instrument and standard for policy-makers around the world.
‘‘Unless you measure something, it doesn’t really exist in the minds of decision-makers,’’ said John Beard, Director of the WHO’s Department of Ageing and Life Course.
‘‘One of the challenges for population aging is that we don’t even collect the data, let alone start to analyze it...For example, we've been talking about how people are living longer, but I can’t tell you people are living longer and sicker, or longer in good health.’’
According to the report, Sweden - which has one of the world’s oldest pension systems - ranks at the top. Afghanistan, which offers no pensions at all for non-government employees, has been placed at the bottom. 
The problems of middle and lower income countries are likely to only grow in the future, as birth rates decline and current young populations begin to age.
The UN estimates that by 2050, the world’s older population - which is defined as those over age 60 - will increase from the current 800 million to over two billion.
Currently, Japan is the only country that has an older population of more than 30 percent. By 2050, 64 countries are expected to have the same ratios. Worldwide, people aged 60 and over will outnumber those aged 15 and below.
The demographic transformation will necessitate significant and often painful social, economic, and political decisions.
The total proportion of the economy spent on pensioners will have to increase as medical bills rise. Assisted living facilities will also become more common.
In turn, the current working population will have to make greater contributions, and retirement ages will likely have to rise to offset the impact of the ageing population.
Some of the countries facing the biggest obstacles are BRICS nations like China and India, whose social systems have not yet been brought up to speed with their booming economies.
Those and other developing countries will have to balance their need to remain competitive as international manufacturers with the growing number of older people left behind - particularly those who do not receive assistance from working family members.
On the other hand, developed states such as Germany and the Netherlands - which are both placed in the ranking’s top five - may have to reconsider their generous welfare programs as the proportion of pensioners increases. 

Monday 16 January 2017




VIDEO: Why education in Singapore works
The Ministry of Education aims to help our students to discover their own talents, to make the best of these talents and realise their full potential, and to develop a passion for learning that lasts through life.
The Singapore Education Journey
The Singapore Education Landscape
• Print Version (854kb .pdf)
We have a strong education system. Singapore students aim high and they achieve very good results. This is recognised around the world. We have good schools, with capable school leaders and teachers, and facilities that are amongst the best in the world.
We are building on these strengths as we prepare the next generation of Singaporeans for the future. This is a future that brings tremendous opportunity, especially in Asia, but it will also bring many changes that we cannot foresee today. The task of our schools and tertiary institutions is to give our young the chance to develop the skills, character and values that will enable them to continue to do well and to take Singapore forward in this future. 
We have been moving in recent years towards an education system that is more flexible and diverse. The aim is to provide students with greater choice to meet their different interests and ways of learning. Being able to choose what and how they learn will encourage them to take greater ownership of their learning. We are also giving our students a more broad-based education to ensure their all-round or holistic development, in and out of the classroom.
These approaches in education will allow us to nurture our young with the different skills that they need for the future. We seek to help every child find his own talents, and grow and emerge from school confident of his abilities. We will encourage them to follow their passions, and promote a diversity of talents among them – in academic fields, and in sports and the arts.
We want to nurture young Singaporeans who ask questions and look for answers, and who are willing to think in new ways, solve new problems and create new opportunities for the future. And, equally important, we want to help our young to build up a set of sound values so that they have the strength of character and resilience to deal with life’s inevitable setbacks without being unduly discouraged, and so that they have the willingness to work hard to achieve their dreams.
- See more at:

Friday 13 January 2017

Building character and values still a mainstay of MOE

In Singapore,building character and values has always been a mainstay of the Education Minister's goals for education in Singapore. In that respect, Education Minister Heng Swee Keat said Character and Citizenship Education in schools has been progressing well and will remain a key emphasis going forward.

I feel that the MOE is doing the right thing by prioritising character and value building because these are 21st century competencies required by the Singapore society currently.Students need more than a university certificate to be able to enter top companies with high pay.This is because good characters and and values are emphasised during work.Thus,these good characters and values should be taught to students while they are young through education.

Budget-financial plan

Why Disney's princess brand will badly influence girls at young age?



In my opinion, I feel that the princess culture shouldn't be practiced at all when girls are at an young age. It will negatively affect the girls as they already start to be wary about their own body image at such a young age. Having feelings like love and affection are also not good for them as this may affect their mental well being as they grow up. Parents should influence their daughters positively and should not teach them negatively.

Does technology nowadays shape the cultural taste?

I think that technology is not about shaping cultural taste and instead, it provides an worldwide platform for sharing informations and ideas about a variety of things. This causes a lot of previously normal human being to become famous and become an online sensation. Thus, it proves that only because of humans' existence, the technology then can shape cultural tastes. Therefore, technology itself is not shaping the cultural taste.


Saturday 7 January 2017

Has technology changed cultural taste?

The internet is a major part of our lives nowadays.
There is an endless amount of audience for new ideas and creativity leads to success.
Audience engagement and customer services are improved.
Creative dreams come true more easily.
People have more choices in their lives.
Technology doesn't not shape taste,instead it is the human desire to connect,share and evaluate culture that shapes the taste.
In a nutshell,society shapes cultural taste.

I do not think that technology is shaping cultural taste.Technology creates an online platform for the sharing of information,opinions and innovation.It encourages creativity and new ideas,leading to the birth of many popular trends and celebrities with unique tastes.Though these things shape the cultural
taste,it is only doing this because of the support of the human society using the technology.Technology itself is not shaping cultural taste.


Why Disney princesses and "princess culture" are bad to girls

Disney princesses are popular and well-liked by preschool kids.
Little girls love the princess culture and it becomes stereotypical that little girls love princesses as a result.
However,Disney princesses suggest to girls that beauty is of utmost importance.
It also suggests that girls should be sweet and submissive,and expect men to help them in dire situations.
Love at first sight is also common.
Studies show that girls engaged in princess culture behave in more feminine ways.
Princess culture does not help girls to behave in better ways.
However,princess culture has positive effect on boys.

I feel that princess culture should not be exposed to girls at such a young age because it will have a negative influence on them.Girls will start to be wary of their body image starting from a very young age and will also learn about love and affection which are negative influences on kids.If girls are to be shown Disney shows,parents should accompany them and direct to them the positive messages the show is trying to convey to them instead of the negative ones.



A person who works in New York tweeted about his indignities he met on his way to South Africa to visit his family. He made a really racist tweet with no bad intention but his tweet instantly became a famous tweet around the world. He got a lot of unwanted negative comments and attractions. Even though he deleted the post and his account, it is still being spread around and the comments will live on forever.

I feel that he shouldn't make a tweet so racist. He said he won't get AIDS because he is a white. Although he tweeted for fun and with no intention to discriminate the people in Africa, other people misinterpreted it. The tweet spread like wildfire across the internet and Justine recieved a lot of negative comments and unwanted attentions. Although there should be a freedom of speech, we must still be careful of what we post because people will still feel unease when they see remarks that discriminates them.  So, everyone needs to be careful of what to post online by thinking in other people's shoes when they see the post.

Sunday 1 January 2017

Can money buy happiness?

Money is the factor which determines the success of a person.However,it is wrongly thought by everyone that the more money you have,the more happy you will be when in fact,money is the greatest source of anxiety as shown in surveys conducted on some Britons and Americans.

I agree with the conclusion that money does make us happier,but only up to a certain point.I believe that as long as we have enough money,we would be happy enough,but too much of it will not grant happiness.However I believe this varies from person to person since some people would surely lead a happier life with more money while some may not.